DEVELOP A SYNTHESIZED RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY STRATEGY FOR THE EA-SA-IO REGION UNDER THE EU PROJECT ON ENHANCEMENT OF A SUSTAINABLE REGIONAL ENERGY MARKET IN EASTERN AFRICA, SOUTHERN AFRICA, AND INDIAN OCEAN (EA-SA-IO) REGION
The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is a regional grouping of 19 African States which have agreed to promote regional integration through trade development and investment. In this regard, COMESA through the Regional Association of Energy Regulators of Eastern and Southern Africa (RAERESA) is currently spearheading implementation of the European Union Project on Enhancement of a Sustainable Regional Energy Market in the Eastern Africa, Southern Africa and Indian Ocean (EA-SA-IO) Region.
The overall objective of the project is to enhance a sustainable regional energy market in the EA-SA-IO region, which is conducive to investment and promoting sustainable development. The project is relevant for the African Union’s Agenda 2030 and 2063. It contributes primarily to the progressive achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) target 7 of ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all, and promotes progress towards Goal 5 of achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls and Goal 12 of ensuring sustainable consumption and production patterns.
Most countries in the EA-SA-IO region have experienced energy challenges, although it is a region with high potential capacity of energy when compared to other sub-Saharan African regions. These challenges are manifested by inadequate level and coverage of physical energy infrastructure due to insufficient investment in the energy sector, inefficiency and unreliability of existing energy infrastructure services, increased demand for economic growth and population growth, high cost of operating existing energy infrastructure facilities, energy poverty in terms of lower access rate and reliance on traditional fuels (wood fuels), and the issue of low utilization of clean energy option as a result of the absence of a market for energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies and services in the region.
One of the gaps identified is the absence of a synthesized renewable energy and energy efficiency strategy for the ESA-IO region. Therefore, a strategy is required that provides an integrated framework in the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency to support the achievement of the region’s clean energy goals.
Further, some successful models for renewable energy market integration models are being implemented in the region to such an extent that currently in South Africa; the market price of solar energy went down to USD 6 cents/kilowatt. Such models need to be examined for possible replication among the regional member countries.
In developing a market for renewable energy and energy efficient technologies and services in the region, it is necessary to promote the development of common technology standards and the sharing of knowledge on successful policy approaches, renewable energy resources, as well as successful market development approaches, incentives and business models. For instance, adopting minimum energy performance standards for lighting has been demonstrated to have significant energy saving potential.
The supply side energy efficiency is another challenge that requires immediate redress. An analysis based on a sample of some countries in the region should form a perspective of what needs to be recommended for improving supply side efficiency in the EA, SA IO region.
COMESA is now seeking proposals from qualified firms to develop a synthesized renewable energy and energy efficiency strategy for the EA-SA-IO region.
The terms of reference for the consultancy service are provided in Annex 3 to this document.
The EA-SA-IO Region comprises the following countries: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, eSwatini, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
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