Enhancement of a Sustainable Regional Energy Market in Eastern Africa, Southern Africa and Indian Ocean Region (ESREM- ESA- IO)

The Enhancement of a Sustainable Regional Energy Market in Eastern Africa (EA), Southern (SA) Africa and Indian Ocean (IO) Region (ESREM- EA-SA-IO) is a Programme relevant to Agenda 2030.

  • It contributes primarily to the progressive achievement of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 7 of ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.
  • It promotes progress towards Goal 5 of achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls.
  • It promotes progress towards Goal 12 of ensuring sustainable consumption and production patterns.


Objectives of the ESREM Project 

The Overall Objective: is to enhance a sustainable regional energy market in the EA-SA-IO, which is conducive to investment and promoting sustainable development.

Specific objective

  1. To achieve an enhanced harmonized, efficient and gender-sensitive regulatory environment in the EA-SA-IO region; and
  2. To capacitate regional regulatory associations and power pools to more effectively oversee and stimulate increased regional power trade.

Expected Results of the ESREM Project

Result 1:

  • A regionally harmonized energy regulatory and policy framework that integrates gender perspectives adopted by regional regulatory institutions, with emphasis on cross border issues to encourage investments in the region. Domestication of regional regulations by some countries on a demand driven basis supported.

Result 2:

  • Enhancement of Regulatory Capacity of the National Regulatory Authorities and strengthening capacity of the Regional Associations (RAERESA and RERA) and Power Pools (EAPP and SAPP) so that they can proactively influence developments in the energy sector.

Result 3:

  • Enhancement of renewable energy (RES) and energy efficiency (EE) strategy, policies, regulatory guidelines and actions to promote energy efficiency and facilitate investments as well as build capacity for renewable energy in the region.

Situational Analysis

The Eastern Africa-Southern Africa-Indian Ocean (EA-SA-IO) energy market is confronted with several challenges. This is despite having the highest potential capacity of energy compared to other sub-Saharan African regions.

These challenges include:

  • intense capital demanding challenges such as inadequate capacity to meet the energy demands.
  • low utilization of renewable energy sources.
  • significant system losses in the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity.
  • constrained capacity to trade power.

The Programme specifically support actions to:

  • Develop regulatory frameworks to nurture a regional energy market that is efficient, sustainable, harmonized and able to attract investments as well as promote universal access.
  • Develop frameworks that enhance efficient energy management from the supply and demand side.
  • Develop model frameworks that enhance the integration of gender perspectives in energy policy and regulation.
  • Enhance the capacity of regulators in providing and enforcing regulations that enhance the regional market.
  • Enhance the renewable energy regulatory frameworks to promote investment in renewable energy.

Key Stakeholders

The key stakeholders are:

  • Ministries in charge of Energy Affairs in the EA-SA-IO Member States.
  • Energy Regulators in the EA-SA-IO Member States
  • Regional Economic Communities (COMESA, EAC, IGAD, IOC and SADC). These are involved in the project through a component aiming at strengthening the monitoring role of the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) regarding the establishment of a harmonized energy market.
  • Regional Energy Regulator Associations in the EA-SA-IO region, namely the Regional Association of Energy Regulators for Eastern and Southern Africa (RAERESA), Energy Regulators Association of East Africa (EREA) and Regional Electricity Regulators Association of Southern Africa (RERA).

Other stakeholders: 

  • Eastern Africa Power Pool (EAPP) and its Independent Regulatory Board.
  • Southern Africa Power Pool (SAPP)
  • East African Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (EACREEE).
  • SADC Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (SACREEE).


In rationalizing the implementation of the programme, RAERESA takes the lead while RERA plays the role of the assistant ‘champion’. 

Development Partners

The (ESREM- ESA- IO) project is financed by the European Union (EU) under the 11th European Development Fund (EDF 11)

ESREM Newsletters

Dr. Mohamedain Seif Elnasr

our team