Somalia

Background

The Federal Republic of Somalia is a sovereign country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Guardafui Channel and Somali Sea to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. Somalia has the longest coastline on Africa’s mainland. Its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains, and highlands. Hot conditions prevail year-round, with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall. In the late 19th century, Somalia was colonized by European powers, first Germany and then Britain and Italy when the Germans abandoned their efforts in 1890. The British and Italians established the colonies of British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland. In 1960, the two regions united to form the independent Somali Republic under a civilian government. A new provisional constitution was passed in August 2012, reforming Somalia as a federation. The same month, the Federal Government of Somalia was formed and a period of reconstruction began in Mogadishu.

Country Profile

Head of State: His Excellency Mr. Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (Farmaajo)

Prime Minister: Hassan Ali Khayre

Independence Day: 1st July 1960

Area/Size of Country: 637,657 km2

Currency: Somali Shilling 

Time Zone: GMT+3

Natural Resources: uranium, iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt and natural gas.

Government website: http://www.somalia.gov.so

Languages: Somali and Arabic

Population: 15 Million

Ministry Responsible for COMESA Affairs

Hon. Mohamed Abdi Hayir

Minister of Commerce and
Industry

Federal Republic of Somalia

MOGADISHU

Somalia

C/O Email:  embassyofsomalialusaka@hotmail.com

Permanent Representative to COMESA

Mr. Ahmed Abdirahman Sheikh
Nur

Charge
d’Affaires, ai

Embassy of the Republic of
Somalia

377A
Kabulonga Road

Box 34051 

LUSAKA

Zambia

Tel: (+260) 211 262199

Email:  embassyofsomalialusaka@hotmail.com

COMESA Focal Point

Mr. Ahmed Abdirahman Sheikh Nur

Charge d’Affaires, ai

Embassy of the Republic of Somalia

377A Kabulonga Road

Box 34051 

LUSAKA

Zambia

Tel: (+260) 211 262199

Email:embassyofsomalialusaka@hotmail.com